Paper Plate Crafts For Kids – Smiley Hat

Paper plate crafts for kids can be fashioned out of  left over paper plates from a birthday party! This is a great way to keep naughty kids busy and engaged. Look at this paper plate hat  – It makes up for a great best out of waste project as well.

paper plate crafts for kids

A paper plate hat with a smiley face on top  is the easiest among various paper plate crafts for kids. Let us see how to make this funky paper plate hat. You can use left over paper plates from a birthday party or any other occasion. Team it up with colored paper, paints and unleash your creativity.

Paper Plate Crafts For Kids

You will need:

2 Plain white paper plates – medium or large size
Compass circle and pencil
Poster colors
Marble papers – (optional)
Black marker
Glue

How to make a paper plate hat

1. Take a plain white paper plate. Draw a circle with a compass, leaving the rim of the paper plate.

2. Using the center point marked by the compass, draw 3  diameters to the circle. You get a set of six triangle shapes. Cut along the lines avoiding the triangle bases. Bend these triangles upward to form a crown, as seen in the picture above.

3.Use poster colors and color this in different designs and patterns. You can cover the triangular shapes with glazed marble paper or color them plain.

4. Take a second paper plate. Cut out a circle, same size as the circle you drew on the first paper plate. Color the plain side with any bright poster color and make a smiley face out of it, with eyes, nose and a cute smile. Highlight the borders of the smiley face with a black marker. Paste some pieces of paper plate cuttings for the hair.

5. Now take the first paper plate and slightly bend the tips of the triangles, outward. Apply glue and paste the smiley face on these.

6. You can add your own embellishments or decorate using glitter, to make the paper plate hat more lively.

This paper plate craft is sure to get keep kids busy and enjoy what they are doing. Try out other best out of waste ideas that make up for great craft ideas for kids.

 

 

Trendy Indian Bags -Amruta Deshmukh

Creative Bags – Amruta Deshsmukh

 

Amruta Deshmukh
Amruta Deshmukh is like any other cheery and happy-go-lucky college goer but with a difference. This highly creative, artistic young lady takes art seriously. She has put to good use, her passion for creativity and strong desire for financial independence by converting it into a profitable business. Her amazing collection of  college handbags, creative bags, clutches, sheet bags, photo frames  and portfolio holders is often sold within hours of being put up on her website.

Amruta is a graduate in Mass Media and Communications. She has also done certificate courses in photography, photo editing, film making, vfx, editing and MAYA animation basics. She has been learning to draw since grade IV, has cleared elementary and intermediate drawing exams at school level in addition to signing up for constant hobby classes. Quite impressive!

So what fueled her passion for making business out of art?

Well, this is what she has to say ” It is quite a story, actually I love bright colors. I had a good collection of t-shirts. Since they were getting old, my dad was forcing me to get rid of them.  I loved them and did not want to throw them off. I suddenly got an idea and  converted it into a bag. I had no idea about sewing machines, so my first ‘t-shirt bag’ was made up of stapler pins and cello tape. It was a bright green bag and I was feeling very awkward to carry it to the college. but people loved it, and my friends forced to make similar stuff for them”

She does not restrict herself to any single product, experimenting with trendy handbags, college handbags, handmade clutches, accessories, wallets and much more at affordable prices.

Check out her wonderful collection!

Portfolio HoldersBlack n Red bag with a roseDragon BagCanvas with a clockEmbroidered handbagGreen Lady HandbagJeans HandbagTrendy College BagStars HandbagMirrorwork HandbagTrendy WalletsBlue and White Handbag

Her primary source of inspiration is  her best buddy ‘Kusum’ and her family. And she adds “Every person who likes my artwork is an inspiration.”

She loves experimenting with colors and is constantly innovating new stuff.
Check out her artwork at Artist Collections

A true inspiration for many home makers and college students who wish to make a business out of their hobbies, passions or avid interests.

Best of waste kids craft – Alien Spaceship from waste materials

A recycled  alien space ship made from waste materials  is a great best out of waste kids craft idea. Not only is it easy to make, but the materials used are waste materials found easily at home. This is an excellent idea for kids craft competition at school.

Alien spaceship - best of waste

 

You will need:

An old CD
Old magazine cover
Glue – (Fevicol or any other strong kid friendly glue)
Waste paper cup/transparent plastic cup
Clay dough – 2 different colors
Glitter – 2 different colors
A pair of scissors
3 matchsticks
Black marker pen

Best of waste – An alien spaceship from old CDs

Place the CD on the old magazine cover. Cut out a circle in the shape of the CD. Paste this paper circle on the printed side of the CD(not on the glossy surface).

Alien spaceship - best of waste

How to make an alien?

Make 3 small balls from the play dough, in decreasing sizes. 2 of one color and 1 of a different color. Place the largest play dough ball at the bottom, a different colored one in the middle and the smallest one at the top. Insert a matchstick thru all the three clay balls, to keep them in place. The striking tip of the matchstick must protrude from the topmost clay ball – resembling an alien antenna. Insert the other two matchsticks on the sides of the middle clay part, resembling alien arms. Make 2 eyes and a nose with a black marker. Paste this alien in the centre of the glossy side of the CD.

Apply glue to the rim of the transparent plastic cup and paste it, inverted over the alien, on the glossy side of the CD. The dome of your spaceship is ready with an alien sitting inside! Allow it to dry.

Alien spaceship - best of waste

Now for some decoration!
Take out your glitter tubes and make large circular dots near the rim of the glossy surface of the CD, a little away from the inverted plastic cup. This adds some bright lights to the spaceship. Apply a differ colored glitter on the top of the dome i.e. the plastic cup.

This is an easy to make craft idea from waste materials, for kids craft competitions.

Note:

You can cover the matchsticks with glitter.
You can even make a landing spaceship with an inverted bottle cap pasted below the CD for the lander and a small ladder made of old rope or an old toy ladder.
If using paper cup for the dome, color it appropriately and cut out a window to show the alien inside.

There are many more kids craft ideas for best of waste competitions here – Kids Crafts

how to build self watering pots

How to make a Self Watering Plant Pot

Do you often forget to water your plants? Or do you wish to go on a vacation without having to bother about watering your plants? Then why don’t you check out how to make a self watering plant pot? These intelligent planters do not need manual watering daily, you just need to water your plants once and then these self watering plant pots will take care of the rest, say for a week or even two. Your plants will be just as fresh, when you return from work or from a week long vacation.

how to make a self watering plant pot

Image credits: www.amazon.in

 Let us check out how these intelligent containers work. Self watering planters have a container that is filled with water. This is the water reservoir from which the soil draws water every time it dries up, by the basic principle of Osmosis. This also ensures that plants get just the right amount of water and not a lot of it. You can add a dilute solution of fertilizer to the water in the reservoir to achieve optimum results. These innovative planters save prevent wastage of water by way of evaporation and excessive watering. You can make eco-friendly, self-watering planters from recyclable materials instead of going for the more expensive ready-made ones.

how to build Self watering pots Photo Credits: Sugar Pond

Points to note
1. This works wonders for many herbs, climbers and flowering plants. But some plants need drier soil conditions and cannot be planted in self watering plant pots. You have to ascertain this before planting.
2. Mosquitoes may grow in the water reservoir. You can prevent this by adding some drops of light weight vegetable oil to the water. The oil will float and suffocate the mosquito larvae.

How to make a Self Watering Plant Pot

Here is a very informative and useful video by GrowVeg that precisely tells you how to build a self watering plant pot.

Now these self watering planters need not be all drab and ugly. You can add a dash of creativity by spray painting the outer container with some nice Krylon paint or arranging containers of different shapes and sizes on beautiful planter stands.

self watering plant pot

You can user beautiful pots made of  terracotta, stone and ceramic for making these planters. Large patio planters can be made from large buckets and barrels. By proper arrangement of these self watering planters, you can add a beautiful design to the landscape of your garden.

Photo Credits:Walmart

If you are not the ‘DIY’ types, you can even shop online for some beautiful self watering plant containers (below Rs.600)  that embellish your garden. Overall, a self watering container can be an interesting add-on to your indoor as well as outdoor garden in addition to being a boon to your plants.

 

 

What is Pica – Causes and Treatment

What is Pica syndrome?
Pica
is an obsessive eating disorder where a person feels like eating inedible substances like mud, chalk, soap, paper, ice, paint, burnt match stick heads, cigarette butts etc. In some cases, the person may be inclined to eat large quantities of raw rice, cornstarch, salt etc. Pica is named after the bird ‘Magpie’ which is known to eat almost anything. Pica syndrome may also occur due to other factors like mental disorders, celiac disease or stress. But if these factors have been ruled out and a person is anemic, then the cause of Pica is mineral deficiency, largely iron and zinc. A person suffering from Pica syndrome loves to inhale smells like those of Petrol fumes, turpentine, paint, naphthalene balls and may give in to the urge of consuming these things as well! That is the point when it gets dangerous. Eating stuff like paint may cause lead poisoning,  inhaling petrol fumes and smelling naphthalene can affect your lungs. Pica eventually makes a person less hungry and dull. In many cases, a hardened mass is formed in the stomach from all the non-digestible substances that a person consumes.

pica - obsessive eating disorder

Causes of Pica syndrome
Anemia resulting from iron-deficiency is a major cause of concern among women, all over the world. In women, anemia is largely due to pregnancy, breast feeding and menstruation that render the body devoid of essential minerals like iron and zinc. Anemia is characterized by fatigue, weakness, pallor i.e. pale hands, eyes and nails in addition to hair loss. The problem here is that anemia often goes unnoticed till the symptoms get more severe. When a person is very anemic with low hemoglobin levels, Pica syndrome  sets in.

Pica Treatment
Do not hesitate to consult  your family doctor or general physician if you crave eating inedible substances listed above. There is nothing to be ashamed of. There are many women who suffer from this problem.

Your doctor will conduct blood tests to determine the cause of Pica. X-rays may be done to check the presence of foreign substances in your digestive system and chest.

If you are anemic with sever malnutrition, iron and zinc supplements in addition to other nutritional supplements will be prescribed. In severe cases, doctors may prescribe hemoglobin injections which bring back blood hemoglobin levels to normal, faster than iron supplements or tablets.

Pica syndrome may also result from other factors other like mental retardation or Obsessive Compulsive Disorders. In such cases, it is best to consult a psychiatrist.
People suffering from pica due to developmental disorders can avail of  psychological and psychiatric treatment that will help to rectify the disorder.  It is best to consult a mental health care provider for the same, if required.

In addition to iron supplements, women need to take proper care of their daily diet. Fresh fruits, green vegetables, fish, nuts, iron rich foods – in short, a proper balanced diet is very important. Eliminate stress and depression  by practicing relaxation techniques and physical exercises like yoga.

Pica resulting on account anemia and nutritional deficiency, disappears completely with a nutritious diet, health supplements and counseling.

Women need not be disheartened if they suffer from Pica syndrome. You can absolutely get rid of this eating disorder.

Photo Credits:Hunnnterrr

Money Management - Piggy Bank - Kids

Money Management For Kids With A Piggy Bank

Money Management - piggy bank

Money management for kids must be taught at an early age. Have you seen  kids who always insist on buying the latest toys and gizmos? Or kids who who make a huge fuss at supermarkets for buying everything they see? Well, some parents may argue that they are financially well off and there is no harm in pampering kids and meeting their demands and so on, as it keeps them happy. But have you heard of the saying “Give a man a fish and he will eat  for a day, teach a man to fish and he will eat for a lifetime” The same goes for kids.

Now the next question would be, “How do I teach my kids money management?” The answer to this is not akin to studying rocket science, you just need loads of common sense.

Money Management Tips For Kids

Start At The Right Age

The best age to start teaching kids about money is from 5yrs-6yrs onwards. Smaller children are likely to accidentally swallow coins. So you need to be very careful.

Get A Piggy Bank

First and foremost, you need to buy an interesting money bank for your child. It may be a small toy house, you keep a coin at the doorstep, the door opens and a dog collects the coin before closing the door. The coin gets collected at the bottom of the toy house. Kids have short attention spans. The more interesting you make things for them, the more they will be keen on accomplishing tasks.

Teach Kids The Value Of Money

Next you have to tell them the reason behind parents going to work. They have to understand that you have to pay money for food, school fees, household expenses, petrol etc. Tell them nicely that people have to work and only then do they get paid.

Introduce kids to coins first. Encourage them to put coins in the piggy bank. Also make sure it is locked. You can tell your child that it will be opened on the first day of every month. This also inculcates some discipline in the child.

Play Money Games

Make them notice when you pay for groceries at the local grocery store. Show your kids that you have allocated a budget for groceries and you are going to spend within the limits. Any loose change that you get after paying for groceries can be given to the child as savings meant to be put into the piggy bank. Introduce role plays for money games like monopoly.

Teach Kids To Save

Encourage teens to go for summer jobs. For instance, if they want a trendy new bicycle, they can use their salary to get it and you may even chip in some more money if needed. This will inculcate self-esteem in the child, in addition to learning how to save.

A rule of the thumb is to teach a child to set goals for saving money.You need to explain the actual cost of a toy that he may want, for instance, and the rate at which he needs to save and the time after which he can take money out of the piggy bank to buy that thing. Put up a money tree on the notice board in your kid’s study. For every penny saved, put up a coin sticker on its branches. You may even  put up stickers on money worksheets.

Start Off With A Monthly Allowance

All said and done, you can begin by giving a monthly allowance for your child. Initially, make sure you are present when he spends the money. Advise him on the quality of the product he is buying. Teach him to understand if he is spending wisely on the right product. Let him not spend the entire money, you see, the purpose of this exercise is to make him save. So that has to be kept in mind.

As your kid grows, you can explain the concepts of debit cards, credit cards, ATMs, aspects of financial management and more.

Now you have something to start with. So go ahead and teach your kids the proper tricks of money management. And remember, this is a long process, you have to be there for kids to guide them on money matters till they are mature enough to take their own decisions.
Photo Credits – kenteegardin

Indian spices – health benefits – Part2

Coming back to health benefits of  more Indian Spices, their English and Hindi names and  health benefits.

Tej Patta: Bay Leaf
Indian spices - bayleaf tej patta

Bay Leaves or Tej Patta have nutritional and therapeutic benefits. Dried Bay leaves are generally used in Indian cooking. They lend a strong aroma and unique flavor to food and are added to food by tempering in hot cooking oil.

Health benefits of Bay Leaves

  • Bay leaves are a good source of Vitamin C, Folic acid and minerals.
  • Bay leaves have anti-oxidant and diuretic properties.
  • Essential oils of bay leaves have insect repellent properties.
  • Rubbing essential oils of bay leaves on to the affected area helps reduce swelling and pain due to sprains, arthritis, headaches and migraines.
  • Bay leaf tea is an excellent remedy for respiratory problems, colds and aids digestion and removes flatulence.

Dalchini: Cinnamon
Indian spices - cinnamon

Cinnamon or Dalchini is both a culinary spice and  a medicinal herb. It isnormally used whole for flavoring rice dishes like Pilafs and Biryanis. Cinnamon is also used as a powder for flavoring  desserts like cinnamon rolls.

Health benefits of Cinnamon

  • Cinnamon is good for controlling blood cholesterol  levels.
  • Cinnamon lowers high blood sugar levels and controls diabetes.
  • Cinnamon inhibits bacterial growth and is a kind of natural food preservative.
  • Cinnamon tea is used to treat nausea and diarrhea.

Jaiphal:  Nutmeg

Indian spices - nutmeg - jaiphal

Nutmeg or Jaiphal is used  in desserts as well as savories. Nutmeg is used in powdered form.

Health benefits of Nutmeg

  • Nutmeg has anti-inflammatory properties and can provide relief from joint and muscle pain.
  • A large pinch of nutmeg powder taken with milk at night induces restful sleep.
  • Nutmeg when taken internally helps soften and dissolving kidney stones.
  • Nutmeg powdered and taken internally with some warm water provides relief from menstrual cramps.

 Hing: Asafoetida

Indian spices - Asafoetida hing

Asafoetida or Hing is used in powdered form mainly for tempering. It is used extensively in curries, gravies and pickles. If used without tempering in hot cooking oil, it will lend a bitter taste to the food. Hing is also used as part of other powdered spice mixes like sambhar masala powder, chaat masala powder and curry powder. Asafoetida lends a unique fragrance to food.

Health benefits of Asafoetida

  • Hing is used for providing relief from indigestion, colic and flatulence.
  • It is used as an expectorant for dry cough.
  • Hing is used for relief from menstrual cramps and menstrual disturbances.
  • Hing is effective against cough, cold and sinusitis.

Elaichi: Cardamom

Indian spices - cardamom elaichi

Cardamom or Elaichi is used to flavor food, desserts, payasam or kheer. In India Elaichi is often used to flavor tea.It is also used as part of different masala powders like Garam Masala. Elaichi imparts a uniquely strong flavor and has a beautiful aroma that stimulates taste buds.

Health benefits of Cardamom

  • Cardamom is a very good breath freshener.
  • Cardamom is an excellent diuretic.
  • Cardamom provides relief from indigestion.
  • Cardamom when taken with milk in powdered form, is a good remedy for impotence.
  • Regular use of cardamom flavored tea alleviates  depression.

Read the Part 1 of this article here  Indian Spices – Health Benefits – Part 1.


Indian spices – health benefits – Part 1

We come across a whole lot of spices in Indian cooking. These traditional Indian spices lend a  delectable and unique flavor to food.  These popular Indian spices have many health benefits in addition to being excellent immunity boosters. An Indian curry is a gravy made from traditional Indian spices in addition to stock, vegetables and meat(optional). Let us check out the benefits of some commonly used Indian spices.

       Methi: Fenugreek
Indian spices - fenugreek methi seeds

Fenugreek seeds aka methi seeds are used in the preparation of pickles, curry powders and in tempering (tadka in hindi). Fenugreek seeds are bitter and so must be used in small amounts while cooking. They impart a wonderful aroma to the food when used for tempering.

Health benefits of Methi

  • Methi seeds are an excellent source of  amino-acid 4-hydroxy isoleucine which supports healthy blood sugar levels in diabetes patients. Fiber present in Methi seeds reduces rate of glucose absorption in the intestines thereby controlling blood sugar levels. Boil a glass of water with a tablespoon of methi seeds. Allow this to cool down till warm and drink. Blood sugar levels can be controlled with regular use of methi seeds.
  • It is a good remedy for sore throat, cough and mouth ulcers. Boil 2 glasses of water with 1 tsp of methi seeds. Let this water cool till it is suitable for gargling. Gargling with methi boiled water provides relief from mouth ulcers, sore throat and cough.
  • Regular use of methi seeds in cooking improves appetite and aids digestion.
  • Use of Methi seeds increases milk production in nursing mothers and addresses the problem of insufficient lactation.

Zeera: Cumin seeds
Indian spices - cumin seeds

Cumin  seeds  or Zeera are used as whole for tempering and in powdered form to lend a unique flavor to curries, snacks, dals, dips, raitas etc.

Health benefits:

  • Cumin is excellent for flatulence,indigestion and morning sickness.
  • It is rich in iron and is good for people with anemia.
  • Cumin helps build immunity against common colds and flu.
  • Cumin has anti fungal and disinfectant properties. Cumin paste is used as treatment for skin disorders.

Dhania:Coriander

Indian spices - coriander seeds

Coriander – dhania is mostly coarsely ground or finely powdered before use, depending on the texture you desire!

Health benefits:

  • Coriander seeds lower blood sugar and bad cholestrol(LDL) levels.
  • Coriander seeds are a good source of dietary fiber, magnesium and iron.
  • Coriander is aids digestion and eliminates flatulence.
  • Coriander juice, mixed with a pinch of turmeric powder cures  blackheads  and pimples.

Laung: Clove

Indian spices - cloves

 Cloves – laung are used whole in several curries, pilafs and biryanis. Cloves are used in powdered form in combination with other spices for different types of masalas like Garam Masala. Ideally cloves must not be powdered and used alone, as clove powder loses aroma over time.

Health benefits:

  • Clove oil has analgesic or pain relieving properties. It provides relief from sore gums and tooth ache.
  • Clove oil  is  antiseptic in nature. It is used for relief from  cuts, wounds,fungal infections and bruises.
  • Cloves have digestive properties. Cloves provide relief from flatulence, indigestion, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.

More on Indian spices coming up in Part 2.


how to decorate kids room

How to decorate Kids room? Top Tips on Kids Room Decor

Before you decide on how to decorate your kids room, get this straight! Designing a kids room needs careful consideration of several facts. Kids dabble in the art of imagination, especially kids in the age group of 5 years to 12 years. They are still exploring the world in their own sweet little way. For them, Disney cars, aliens, mermaids, sea creatures, cartoons and their favorite TV characters are hot topics of discussion. They love role playing and games. They have many activities like drawing, painting, jigsaw puzzles, paper plane making and other crafts, music etc. Kids room decor must accommodate a vibrant and colorful atmosphere complementing the tremendous energy kids have. Keeping this in mind, you can plan an awesome looking yet super functional kids room.
How to decorate kids room - kids room decor - tips
Photo Credits:Shanti Iyer – Interior Designer,Mumbai

Note how this kids room has been done up in bright yellow and blue. I liked the steps leading to the bed. Optimum use of space is a plus point here with drawers on the bed side and under the steps leading to the bed. The study area is comfortable and convenient, with a funky chair kids will love!

How to decorate kids room – Top Tips

For a kids room accommodating more than one child, bunk beds, wall beds or triple bunk beds would be ideal  as they save floor space. Use bedroom furniture that can be folded away or space saving furniture, like foldable trundle beds.
kids furniture
  Photo Credits: Jingdianjiaju

Play area / activity area in the kids bedroom must ideally be free from furniture. Lay a colorful rug on the portion of the floor meant to be the activity area for kids. Rugs prevent injury from fall and lend a soft touch to the floor and the overall kids room decor.

How to decorate kids room - kids room decor - top tipsPhoto Credits:Ian S Welch

Decorate walls with colorful murals related to a theme which your kid loves. Note that it is important to make the child a part of your discussion on the theme to be selected. Your kid(s) may come up with many suggestions like Underwater theme, Jungle theme, Soccer theme, Walt Disney World theme, Finding Nemo theme, Magic kingdom and many more. Take a look at the beautifully done wall murals below.

Kids bedroom decor – Cockpit Theme

How to decorate kids room - kids room decor - top tips

Photo Credits: Jefferey Wong

This wall is painted to resemble the cockpit of an aeroplane with a beautiful blue sky and two cute little planes flying in the sky. Bright colored curtains complement the cockpit look! Ideal for boys bedroom.

The Ultimate Wave Adventure

How to decorate kids room - kids room decor - top tipsPhoto Credits: Jeffery Wong
Look at the giant wave and the surfing turtle, the jolly surfboard and the distant lighthouse! This mural looks great for a kids room with a beach theme.

Kids room – Underwater Theme

How to decorate kids room - kids room decor - top tips Photo Credits: Jefferey Wong

Note how a colorful tree mural with flowers and pretty birds, has been made on the wall and the black writing board looks like an extended tree trunk!
How to decorate kids room - kids room decor - top tips Photo Credits: Mountain Ash

You can add wall accessories like animal shaped wall clocks and  photo frames.

How to decorate kids room - kids room decor - top tipsPhoto Credits:Sleeping Sun

You can have lots of knick knacks and lights dangle or  hang from the ceilings. Go for bright colors if your kid loves it.

Teenage Bedroom Design

For grown up kids, bedrooms can be a little more sober with neutral or muted shades of wall colors. They need a dedicated study area and space for pursuing hobbies like music, painting, reading and the like. Teens love dressing up as they are more image conscious. There has to be a dedicated wardrobe and appropriate bedroom furniture for this  purpose. They love inviting friends over. Unlike younger kids who love squatting on the floor rug, grown up kids need appropriate seats like may be small ottomans or bean bags. Keep a provision for additional bean bags or foldable stools(for smaller spaces).

How to decorate kids room - teenage kids bedroomPhoto Credits: Mazzali

teen kids bedroom Photo Credits:Mazzali

Kids bedroom decoration ideas – Must Dos

Book shelf  at the same height as your kids.

Storage chests for toys which double up as a small stool for sitting.

Chalkboard walls that are writeable, made of dry-erase decals or chalkboard paint. You can paint a small part of a whole wall with chalkboard paint. The kid can write, draw and do math on this chalkboard wall.

How to decorate kids room - wall decor ideas Photo Credits: Shanti Iyer – Interior Designer, Mumbai

Note how a chalkboard wall has been made to look like a road with little cars and vehicles plying on the road. Your kid will love to write on this!

Decorate walls with glow paints.
Here is a video by dali decals on decorating an entire wall beautifully!

 

 

Kids bedroom furniture – furnishings

Planning kids bedroom furniture is quite simple. See why trundle beds for kids are better than kids bunk beds.

The kids beds must be quite low. Use plump and soft mattresses as kids love to jump on them. These will also help your child sleep comfortably.

Use long lasting and washable rugs and curtains in the kids room. You can get stunning curtains with cute glow-in-the-dark designs on them. Fairies, aliens, angels … you can use curtains with these glow-in-the-dark designs.

Asian Paints take up kids bedroom decor work. You can visit
http://www.asianpaints.com
for lots of fun ways to plan creative and functional kids room decor.

wooden staircase design - traditional home-Kerala architecture

Staircase Designs – Staircase Railings and Staircase Pictures

A staircase is a connecting element between two floors. Staircases maybe constructed from metal, timber, bricks, stone or reinforced cement concrete.

wooden staircase glass balusters
Wooden Staircase with wooden and glass balusters

Stair parts

Step
It is the portion of a stair which allows ascent and descent. A step is composed of a tread and a riser.

Stair Tread
It is the upper horizontal surface of a step on which the foot is placed during ascent or descent.

Stair Risers
It is the vertical portion of a step which supports the tread.

Flight
It is an unbroken series of steps between landings.

Staircase Landing
It is the level platform at the top or bottom of a flight, allowing for change of direction and taking rest during use of the staircase.

Rise
It is the vertical distance between two successive tread faces.

Going
It is the horizontal distance between two successive riser faces.

Nosing
It is the projecting part of the tread beyond the face of the riser.

Scotia
It is a moulding under the nosing that improves elevation of the step and provides strength to the nosing.

Stringers
These support the steps in a stair. They run along the slope of the stair.

Newel post
It is a vertical member which is placed at the ends of flights to connect the ends of strings and hand rail.

Baluster
It is a vertical member or wood or metal, supporting the hand rail.

Balustrade
Consists of a row of balusters surmounted by a hand rail, to provide protection for users.

Hand Rail
It is a rounded or moulded member of wood or metal that is fixed on top of the balusters.

Header
It is the horizontal structural member supporting hair stringers or landings.

Desirable qualities of  good staircase designs

Location
In domestic buildings, staircase must be centrally located to provide easy access to all rooms. In public buildings, staircases must be closer to the entrance. Staircases must be enclosed by fire resisting walls, floors, ceilings and doors.

Width
The stairs must be wide enough to carry the user without much crowd and inconvenience. 35 inches wide stairs are good enough for domestic buildings while in public buildings, 60   to 70 inches width may be needed.

Length of the flight
The number of steps in a flight must not be more than 12 and less than 3, in a straight flight.

Pitch of the stair
The labor of moving vertically is twice as much as moving horizontally. The best pitch is that inclination which is got when doubling the rise and adding the going equals 23(when rise and going are measured in inches). Pitch should be limited to 30o to 40o.

Head Room
The clear distance between the tread and the soffit of the flight above it must not be less than 82 inches to 90 inches so as to accommodate even tall persons walking with some load on their heads.

Step Dimensions
The going must be between 9 inches  to 11 inches. The rise can be between 3 inches to 5 inches. The width of the landing must not be less than the width of the stair.

Staircase Types

Straight Flight Staircase
Here the stairs run straight between two floors. These may have one or two flight of stairs with a landing.

metal and stained glass staircase
Straight stairs of metal with glass balusters.

Quarter Turn Staircase
This type of stair changes its direction either to the left or to the right, the turn being affected by either introducing a quarter space landing or by providing winders.

wooden staircase with wooden and glass balusters
Wooden winder staircase with glass baluster design

Bifurcated staircase
Bifurcated stairs are commonly used in public buildings at the entrance.The stair has a wider flight at the bottom which then bifurcated into two narrower flights, one turning to the left and one to the right.
bifurcated stair                                                        Photo Credits:Gary Birnie
Spiral staircase
Spiral staircases are usually made of R.C.C or metal, and used in locations with space limitations. Sometimes used as emergency stairs, they are also provided at the backside of the building. All the steps are winders.

spiral staircase
Spiral Staircase

Photo Credits: Ell Brown

Helical staircase
This staircase is made of R.C.C and the structure is very complicated.

helical staircase
Helical Staircase

Photo Credits:Echiner1

Modern Staircase Designs
Staircase inside home Photo Credits:Nanette Turner

staircase pebbled Photo Credits:Echiner1

forest staircase
Photo Credits:Blakeimeson

Stairlifts
Stairlifts are for the aged and wheelchair bound to move up and down stairs without having to climb them. You can even install a stair lift for dogs and pets – especially for overweight dogs.


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