pms symptoms

How to deal with PMS – Symptoms And Remedies

Worried sick on how to deal with PMS? Do you dread that particular time of the month when you develop PMS symptoms?

how to deal with pms
Facts Of PMS Symptoms

PMS also known as pre-menstrual syndrome is a condition caused by hormonal imbalances characterized by physical and emotional symptoms pertaining to the menstrual cycle. PMS symptoms are seen anytime during the ten days immediately before the start of menses. Physical PMS symptoms include fatigue, bloating, breast discomfort, headache, leg ache, muscle ache, acne and appetite changes. Emotional PMS symptoms include stress,depression and increased irritability. A normally calm, soft spoken  and well mannered woman may become angry and quarrelsome during these days. Women may suffer from all or any of these symptoms. Women already suffering from severe depression must consult a doctor for PMS.

How to deal with PMS

Exercise and lifestyle changes can provide relief from PMS symptoms. Exercise includes brisk walking for 4-5 times a week, abdominal exercises, jogging, swimming and cycling. Research has proved that Yoga is an excellent way to beat PMS blues.


Diet For PMS

Food habits  must be changed during these few days. Avoid oily, fried foods. Avoid intake of caffeine and alcohol. Due to hormonal imbalances, you will be tempted to drink tea,coffee etc. and gorge on fried snacks and chocolates. But do not give in to these tendencies. Have fruit juice instead. You must eat foods high in fibers, fresh vegetables, fruits and food grains. Avoid red meat. Eat fish, which is a good source of Omega-3 fatty acids. Eat foods rich in calcium, vitamin A,B and E. Whatever you eat or drink, make sure it is warm. Take bath with warm water. Constipation during this period is a major culprit. Drink plenty of water and include fiber in your diet to eliminate constipation. Avoid starchy vegetables like potato and vegetables that cause flatulence. Include ginger and garlic in your diet to avoid gas formation.

PMS Mood Boosters

Avoid company of pessimists and people who gossip. Listen to music. Music has soothing powers. It freshens the mind and soul.

Above all, a woman must think of this – The modern woman is strong, she has made many achievements. She works at office, manages home and family and is the key to happiness in a family. She plays multiple roles successfully! She is a mother, wife, colleague, daughter and is at par with men. So something as small as PMS must not be able to defeat the  strong woman in you!

PMS Tips For Husbands

Men in the family must understand that this is just a passing phase caused by hormonal imbalances and that nothing is being said or done intentionally to hurt anybody. They must be caring and compassionate towards their wives during this phase and must be ready to forgive and forget temper tantrums.

types of cooking oil

Cooking Oil – Different types and uses of cooking oil

People often wonder about the right type of cooking oil to be used. Its not a hard and  fast rule that you use a particular cooking oil just because your mom used the same. There are a variety of cooking oils available with different tastes and other properties. Let us take a look at each of them.

types of cooking oil                                            Photo Credits yasmapaz

Types Of Cooking Oil

Groundnut Oil

This cooking oil is extracted from groundnuts, has a mild taste and is used liberally in cooking and for frying. It has many health benefits. Since it is a mono saturated fat, it lowers your overall cholesterol level, lowers the level of bad cholesterol in your blood(LDL – Low density lipoprotein) without affecting the level of  good cholesterol(High Density Lipoprotein). It lowers your blood pressure, thereby reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. It assists in weight loss. Refined groundnut oil is the best. It is clean and free from suspended particles and odor.

Popular brands of groundnut oil
Guinea Double Filtered Pure Groundnut Oil, Marico’s Sweekar groundnut oil, Postman.

Sunflower Oil

Sunflower oil is commonly used for cooking as a frying oil. Sunflower oil is produced from oil type sunflower seeds. It is light in taste and is a very good source of  high vitamin E. It has both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels. It helps in lowering bad cholestrol levels. Phytonutrients like phenolic acid and choline eliminate the risk of heart diseases.In addition, it has vitamin E, vitamin B, folic acid and Omega-6 fatty acids which are highly beneficial to the human body. Sunflower oil can be used in high temperatures and hence is an ideal cooking oil for frying. Food cooked with sunflower oil stays fresh for a long time.

Popular brands of sunflower oil
Ruchi sunflower oil, Godrej sunflower oil, Sweekar sunflower oil, Sundrop sunflower oil,Vista brand.

Olive Oil

Olive oil was once restricted to mediterranean diet, but now it is widely used in cuisines all over the world. It is now considered as the healthiest of all edible oils. Olive oil is high in monosaturated fats and polyphenols which is a powerful antioxidant. Antioxidants are very beneficial because they help the body get rid of free radicals thereby prolonging the ageing process of the body. Olive oil keeps the heart healthy.

Grades Of Olive Oil

Extra virgin olive oil

This is the highest grade of Olive Oil. It is produced by mechanical extraction methods with no chemical treatment. It results from the first pressing of the olive fruit within 24 hours of harvesting. Acidity level is an important factor that determines the grade of olive oil. Oil of the highest grade must have the lowest level of acidity. Extra virgin olive oil has  an  acidity level of less than one percent. It also has perfect aroma, color and flavor. It cannot be used for frying and cooking at high temperatures as it loses its original chemical composition and flavor. Extra virgin olive oil can be used in salad dressings, flavorings and dips etc.

Pure Olive Oil

“Pure” olive oil is made by adding a little extra virgin olive oil to refined olive oil. This oil is of intermediate grade with  medium flavour and aroma. This is used for meditarranean and continental cooking, in pastries and doughs and also for mild frying.

Olive Pomace Oil

This is a cooking oil that is suitable for Indian cuisine. It has neutral taste and flavor. It does not change taste and texture even in high temperatures. It is ideal for deep frying and cooking at high temperatures. It is also less expensive that the other varieties of olive oil.

Olive oil must be kept away from heat and light. It must be stored in a dark and cool place, tightly closed in an air tight bottle or container. Constant exposure to light and heat may make the oil putrid and foul smelling.

Popular brands of Olive Oil – Bertolli olive oil, Leonardo Olive Oil

Rice Bran Oil

This cooking oil is extracted from the inner husk of the rice kernel. It is rich in vitamin E and oryzanol. Rice bran oil is widely used as an edible oil in  Japan, Korea, China, India, Taiwan and Thailand. It reduces cholesterol thereby reducing the risk of coronary heart disease. Rice bran oil is ideal for people with food allergies. It also provides relief from menopause symptoms.
Popular brands of rice bran oil – Ricela, Tithi brand refined rice bran oil.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is an edible cooking oil extracted from the fully dried kernel of a matured coconut. It is suitable for frying at high temperatures. Coconut oil boosts immunity of the body. Since it contains saturated fats, it is widely believed that coconut oil is harmful for the body. But like other vegetable oils, saturated fats in coconut oil do not increase bad cholesterol levels. It  prevents high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure due to the presence of 50% lauric acid. It helps in proper functioning of the thyroid and aids digestion; helps people suffering from acid reflux.
Popular cooking grade coconut oil brands in India – Kera, Shudhi

Mustard Oil

Mustard oil is a cooking oil  obtained from black and white mustard seeds. Mustard oil has a strong spicy odor and a strong flavor. This is mostly used in north and north east India for cooking. It is considered fit for external use only, in some countries. Mustard oil has many benefits – It is good for the digestive and circulatory system. It is used in body massages as it gives warmth. It can cure you from cold and cough.
Popular Indian brands of mustard oil– Sunrise, Mustraj manufactured by Raj Oil Mills

Canola Oil

This cooking oil is extracted by crushing the canola seed. It contains very low levels of saturated fatty acids and has high levels of monounsaturated fatty acids. This reduces blood cholesterol levels. It is good source of vitamin E.

Popular brands are Hudson Canola Oil.

Sesame Oil (Til Oil)

Sesame oil also known as til oil or gingelly oil is extracted from Sesame seeds. It is used as a cooking oil and a flavor enhancer in south Asian cuisine. It is rich in polyunsaturated fats and vitamin E. It lowers cholestrol and blood pressure.

Popular brands are Til Raj by Raj Oil Mills, India and Kadoya sesame oil from Japan

Of these, coconut oil and mustard oil have a particular aroma and taste, which may not be relished by everyone. Sunflower and Groundnut oil have a neutral taste.You may try out different types of cooking oil and see which suits your style of cooking the best. Points to consider include nutritional attributes, health benefits, shelf-life and cost of each type of cooking oil.

Glass Floor

Glass Floors – Types And Installation

Glass floors are gaining popularity day by day. The reasons are many.

Glass Floor

Properties of a glass floor

The reflective properties of glass make it an excellent choice for floors. Glass floors make the most out of natural sunlight, making the room look brighter and bigger. Many a time, it is not possible to break down existing structures and change direction of rooms so as to accommodate more sunlight. In such cases, it is a better idea to change flooring  from a light absorbing surface to a surface that reflects light. This makes the room brighter and enhances the mood. Glass floors are used in commercial and domestic interiors to increase light flow and the view from above or below the floor is loved by visitors.

Glass Floor

Glass tiles are far more water-resistant than ceramic,wood or linoleum floors. Glass floor tiles are resistant  to heat,water, stains and other chemicals. Glass floor tiles are available in different shapes. They are available in different thicknesses and have a wide range of finishes, colors and textures.

Glass Floor

Many people doubt  the strength and durability of  glass floor tiles. They wonder whether the glass floor tiles will support weight, are scratch-free etc. Glass floor tiles shatter only when they are subjected to sudden impacts. There are glass floor tiles that are floor rated for high traffic areas and high impact areas. So you may choose the ones that suit your requirement.

Glass floors can be used in the bathroom, living room, study and in the upper floors to give a view of the floors below.

Types of glass floors

Glass pavers

These are hollow glass blocks are used together with a steel or aluminum frame.

Reinforced glass

This type is used  to get a strong base in areas of high traffic like malls and other commercial complexes. Such type of glass flooring used in busy areas is strengthened and  very safe.

Glass floor blocks

These are used to provide light to a room when lit from below. They are often installed in  4-foot by 4-foot panels.

Glass laminate panels

These are used for flooring. They are textured. This eliminates  slippage and also hides scratches.They are made with layers of tempered glass. They are available in different colors, are transparent and can be illuminated from below. They can be used in high traffic areas.

Glass floor tiles

These floor tiles made of glass, are applied to a base like porcelain tiles. Glass floor reflect light back from a floor thereby making good use of existing light in a room. They have a  rough and cloudy texture that hide scratches and have anti-slip properties.

Types of glass floor tiles

Fused glass floor tiles

They are translucent. They are  textured, to provide anti-scratching and anti-slip properties.

Smalti glass floor tiles

These are made from a paste mixture of silica, metal and metal oxides. They have a rough and cloudy texture that hides scratches. It also provides the floor an anti-slip protection.

Sintered glass floor tiles

These are made with a die filled with glass powder and heated until it melts together.

Cast glass floor tiles

These are made by putting pieces of glass together in a mold and melting them.

Care for glass tiles

Glass tiles must be swept clean of dirt and sand. They must be mopped well, else the dirt and grit may etch marks on the floor finish over time.

For glass flooring in India, you can check out and among others. Or do a Google search for glass flooring in your city as in ‘Glass flooring in Mumbai’ .

Photo Credits
Leo Reynolds
Ian Muttoo

wooden floor design

Wooden Floors for Your Home Decor

Wooden floors render a very elegant, warm and natural look and feel to your home interiors.  A well-maintained, highly finished wooden floor is more appealing than any other floor covering material.

Wood flooring

Woode Floors – Types

Solid Wood Flooring

Solid wood flooring is available in  three basic styles.Plank wood flooring is usually three to eight inches thick.It is cut into long pieces. Strip wood flooring is similar to plank wood  flooring except it is usually less than 3-1/4 inches wide. Parquet flooring involves placing pieces that will create a repetitive geometric design on the floor. Solid wooden floors can come finished or unfinished.

Engineered Wood Flooring

Engineered wood flooring is produced by adhering three to five layers of wood and plastic laminate veneer. Each  layer is switched so that the grain alternates directions, making it more stable. Do not confuse this with laminate flooring. Laminate does not have any real wood.

Acrylic Impregnated Wood Flooring

Acrylic impregnated wood floor is made  by  injecting with an acrylic material that seals and colors it. The process makes it very durable, moisture- and scratch-resistant and harder than other types of wood floors. Acrylic impregnated wooden flooring is ideal for commercial use and areas accustomed to high traffic.

Laminate Wood Flooring

Laminate flooring is manufactured by using  fiber board materials coated with a photographic print layer and a top coating of melamine resin. Laminate floors give a realistic wooden appearance.

Hardwood Flooring

Hardwood floors are made from an assortment of special and domestic wood. They can be laid easily. The price varies according to the type of timber used like wood from Sheesham, Acacia, Oak, Maple, Cherry wood etc.

These wooden floors must be laid by professionals as the sanding and finishing part of this flooring is very important. Regular wear and tear of this floor warrants regular sanding and refinishing every few years. A rug  may be used over this flooring. This flooring has to be maintained with utmost care as it can retain moisture and also attract termites.

Bamboo Floors

Bamboo flooring is more insect and moisture resistant than any other kind of wooden flooring. It strongly resembles hardwood flooring in appearance. It is more Eco friendly than the latter. It takes 120 years approximately for an Oak to mature, while it takes just 3 yrs for the Bamboo. But bamboo flooring is also prone to dents and scratches.

Cork Flooring

Another Eco friendly flooring option is cork flooring. Cork is a sustainable and renewable resource harvested from the bark of the cork oak tree. This is done every nine years or so. Available as planks and tiles, Cork flooring is just right for your study, office, conference rooms etc, due to sound insulation properties. Cork flooring is insect resistant, comfortable and durable.

Wood flooring

Where to install wooden flooring

Wooden floors are ideally suited for living room, bedroom, study, home offices, family rooms and  kitchen. Wooden floors must be avoided in bathrooms, as there are chances of damage due to moisture. High relative humidity in the atmosphere matters a lot, as it can damage the wood flooring.

wooden floor design

Taking care of wood floors

Wooden flooring must be kept clean by vaccumming, sweeping or damp mopping. Do not use wet mops.  Avoid wooden floors where there is excessive grit and heavy traffic. Preferably, use cleaning products that are recommended by the manufacturer. Heavy furniture leaves its mark on wooden flooring. So use furniture pads always. Oil soaps and products containing wax cleaners are to be avoided. Light sanding and re-coating is required if the wooden floor finish loses its shine. This must be done by professionals only.

Types of finishes for wooden floors

Your  lifestyle and the type of maintenance you choose  determines the right type of finish for wooden floors. Different wooden flooring finishes decide  how your floor will look in the long run.

Acrylic impregnated finishes

Acrylic impregnated finishes are injected into the wood to create a hard and extremely durable floor. Acrylic impregnated finishes are very rarely  used in residential applications. They most often are used in areas of high traffic like retail floors in malls, restaurant floors etc.

Water based finishes

Water-based finishes for wooden floors are clear and do not  turn yellow over time. They have a mild odor  and usually  dry in a few hours.

Oil based finishes

Oil-based finishes are amber in color. They have a moderate odor and generally  dry in seven to eight hours.

Other finishes are acid cured, moisture cured and wax finishes.

Wooden floors impart old world charm to your home interiors.


Photo Credits :
Sherrie Thai,
Jeremy Jenum
Jo Amelia Finlay

decorative concrete flooring

Concrete flooring – Decorative concrete for home flooring

Concrete flooring is a great option if you want your home interiors to be in harmony with furniture,walls, accessories and all.

concrete floors

                Photo Credits : Les Stockton

Let me clear many wrong notions one has about concrete floors –
Concrete flooring is dull and gray, limited to outdoors and industrial surfaces, and generally very cold and uninviting. But this is far from being true!

Did you know that decorative concrete can be made to imitate natural surfaces like marble and wood ? Lets check  out all this and more on how concrete floors  can make your interiors vibrant and lively!

decorative concrete                    Photo Credits: Photo Credits: Supremecrete

What are concrete floors made up of?

Concrete is a mixture of cement, water and aggregate, when dried becomes hard and looks like stone. Concrete floors are durable and can be used in homes, industries, driveways, parking areas, retail floors and other heavy traffic areas as it is tough and resistant to wear and tear.

Types of Concrete Floors

  • Stained concrete floors

    Special stains and acids are used which chemically react with the  concrete to achieve a blotchy and speckled look. These stains etch and bond color into the concrete surface. Using this technique, a variety of colorful textures and designs can be used to created on the concrete floor.

  • Polished concrete floors

    Concrete flooring is treated using a chemical densifier. Then it undergoes 12 steps of grinding and polishing. Diamond and resin grits are used for this.Polished concrete flooring has a glossy look. This is ideal for retail floors asthe area looks neat and tidy, is easy to clean and is less porous i.e. it prevents water, oil and other chemicals from penetrating the surface.

  • Sealed concrete floors

    Plain concrete floors can be sealed using a coat of tinted sealing solvents either water based or solvent based. Water based sealers are recommended for interiors. Sealing makes the concrete floor surface non-porous and durable when applied in thin layers.

  • Scored concrete floors

    After the applied concrete stain dries away, shallow-cuts are made on  existing concrete surfaces to show tile grout lines,geometric designs and patterns like plain squares, diamond shapes,concentric circles or a mosaic.

  • Painted concrete floors

    Plain concrete floors can be made beautiful by painting. Apply primer, and choose paint specific for concrete applications. You could paint an innovative design of your choice in the center. You can even buy stencils that are meant for floor applications. A combination of stained and scored concrete flooring can be made to resemble natural surfaces like wood and marble.

Advantages of Concrete Floors

Concrete is strong, durable, and cost effective for a variety of applications including floors, walkways, patios and driveways. Concrete flooring is inexpensive. In fact, decorative concrete may  be less expensive as compared to other materials like marble, wood, granite etc. Concrete floors are easy to maintain and clean. Other types of  floors chip, fade, peel and need to be replaced every 15 years. During replacement, the waste that is dumped is not Eco-friendly. Since concrete flooring lasts a life time, you can avoid the waste that comes with replacing floors made of  other materials. Decorative concrete make your floors look elegant and well maintained.

fancy dress competition ideas

Fancy Dress Competition Ideas For Kids

Coming up with new Fancy Dress Competition Ideas for school contests is not an easy task. Some parents take it up as a challenge, some worry about how to dress up their child for the event, some surf the internet for ideas and so on. All this leaves parents thoroughly confused. A few are creative enough to tide through the situation.

Here are some images that give you an idea for decking up your child for fancy dress competition. The pictures are of children from India. Click on an image for enlarged view.

Loading Images
Snack In Minutes Contest
Shivaji Maharaj
Unni Archa - a brave lady warrior from Kerala
Mango Tree
Netaji Subhashchandra Bose
Rani Laxmibai
Save The Earth Crusader
Bunny rabbit
Army Man
Vegetable dress
Lord krishna
Spongebob Squarepants
Statue of Liberty
Coconut Tree Climber

Top Fancy Dress Competition Ideas

1. Select a theme for your kids fancy dress.

  • Flowers
    Use paper craft to create petals for sunflower,lotus etc.
  • Fruits and vegetables
    You can create colorful fruits like apple,mango,grapes using paper,colors and balloons. Don’t forget to make a few leaves and a cap with a stem.
  • Slogans
    like Go Green, Save The Earth, Eat healthy etc. You can use different materials with slogans written on them to prove your point.
  • National Leaders
    Here you may have to rent a dress to make your child resemble a well known national leader.
    fancy dress competition ideas Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj
  • Festivals
    Christmas, Gokul Asthami, Diwali(Indian festivals): a few ideas are Santa Clause, Reindeer, Christmas tree,angel,sledge,gift box,Easter Bunny, Easter egg,kite,lamp(diya),fire cracker,Lord Krishna, Lord Ganesha etc.
  • Cartoons
    You may choose your child’s favorite cartoon character to prepare/rent a dress. Ben10, Flintstones, Simpsons, Barbie,Mickey and Donald,Tom and Jerry etc.
  • Community helpers
    Doctor,Painter, Janitor, tailor, electrician, milk man etc. are a few ideas.
  • Birds,animals and insects
    You can dress up your child to resemble a parrot, tiger, elephant or a butterfly among others.
  • National Costumes of people from different countries.
  • Other ideas
    Clock, Milk Carton, Rainbow, Tree, Clown etc.

2. Then teach a few lines related to the character that your child is supposed to enact, for the fancy dress competition. The lines must provide accurate information about the character  being portrayed and must begin with a proper introduction.

3. Practice patience and do not force the child to learn the lines and how to enact, all at once. Teach the child to begin with a smile.

Video on a child dressed up as Shivaji Maharaj

Done! Your child is all set for the fancy dress competition!

Some more pictures on fancy dress competition ideas from the world!

fancy dress ideas Photo Credits:Some girl named Jen

  fancy dress competition - spiderman
Photo Credits:Justin Beckley

fancy dress ideas Photo Credits:karindalziel

fancy dress ideas Photo Credits:paul schultz