Bean Bag Chairs And Bean Seats – DIY Furniture

bean bag chairs

Bean bag chairs and seats are simple DIY furniture that you can design yourself. These are affordable pieces of furniture that cost you below Rs.5000. Ideal for students and people living in studio apartments and rented accommodations and for those who are on a shoe string budget. Check out how to use bean bags in multipurpose ways.

How To Make A Bean Bag – Seat

Buy Rexin sheets of your favorite color. Get them stitched from a cushion or mattress maker in the form of seats as shown in the picture. Dimensions of bean bags are 2′ x 2′ x 6″ .  Make 4 or 6 such seats.

how to make a bean bag

Attach a zipper for each bean bag. Stitch small rexine fixers with velcro on the zipper side of the seats.

how to make bean bag - seat and bean bag chair

 

Leave the bean bag – seats as is or stitch fabric covers for these bean bags for a long shelf life. Make sure that these fabric covers are open from the zipper side of each bean seat. Do not fix buttons or zippers to close these covers.

Bean Bags – Multipurpose functionality

Seats For Two

bean bag  chairs and seats

Place the bean bags one on top of the other in two stacks. Now you have seats for two. Place a center table in between. Enjoy a game of cards or a cup of coffee with your friend or partner.

Bean Bag Chairs

bean bag chairs

bean bag chairs

Attach two seats with velcro fixers to form a sort of hinge. Place them as shown below to form bean bag chairs.

bean bag chairs

Bean Bag Bed

Attach 4 bean bags with velcro fixers to form a single line. Cover this with a bed sheet. You have a single bed.

For a double bed, arrange the bean bag seats as shown below. Throw in some colorful cushions and you can call friends overnight or even handle unexpected guests.

bean bag bed

Maintenance Of Bean Bag Seats

Maintenance of bean bag chairs and seats is pretty simple. Wash the fabric covers once in a while. If the seats start flattening, it is time to refill the seats with fresh styrofoam beans. You get a medium sized bag of thermocol for Rs.200- Rs.250, which is not much.

Benefits

Bean bags are multipurpose furniture. You can prop them up against a wall as a chair or even use them as seats, daybeds or beds at night. These save space and won’t burn a hole in your pocket. Bean bags are excellent stress busters too. You can comfortably lie on them, watch your favorite TV show or read a book, entertain friends and so on.

Beaded Curtains – A Beautiful Style Statement

beaded curtains

beaded curtains - door beads

Bead curtains are sometimes overlooked when it comes to redoing your home interiors the smart way. Simply put, beaded curtains are simple airy curtains made of beads in various materials, patterns and designs. Using beaded curtains is an age old custom followed all over the world. In India, it was and is still a norm to adorn doorways with dainty looking beaded curtains. Let us check out how to use beaded curtains for that much needed face lift your home deserves.

How To Use Beaded Curtains – Top Tips

Door Ways And Passage Entrances

Other than the doorways, you can hang beaded curtains at passage entrances and windows.

Bead Curtains As Room Dividers

beaded curtains

Photo Credits: 29271559@N02

Bead curtains act as excellent room dividers and partitions giving an airy look to the room. In case of dining cum living rooms, use bead curtains to divide the dining area from the living area. In spite of being separated into two areas, the living room looks large with ample amount of light. With a beaded curtain partition, the residents get a feeling of a private dining area within the confines of a larger area, without getting alienated from the rest of the living room.

Bead Curtains Outdoors

There are beaded curtains with small metal bells or tinkling metal for the beads, that will double up as wind chimes. Use these curtains at entrances to your front porch or backyard garden.

Bead Curtains On Wall Closets

Hang cute bead curtains on wall closets, like the ones used for storage higher up the walls, which are not opened very often.

Beaded Curtains As Wall Hangings

beaded curtains on walls

Photo Credits: kingfox

You get these lovely  hand painted beaded curtains with beautiful paintings on white beaded backgrounds. These can be used to adorn plain walls.

Types Of Beaded Curtains

There is absolutely no restriction on using beaded strings for a curtain. You can experiment with a myriad of colors, materials and designs. You can sew on beads to the end of  a transparent white fabric curtain for a calm and serene look.

beaded curtains Photo Credits: 47217301@N06

For instance, use carved, wooden beads for a traditional look. Use a curtain made of colorful yet transparent plastic beads alternating with mirror pieces in a room that has less light coming in. Use fabric beads with embroidered motifs sewn on. Small Rajasthani puppets beaded together in strings can add a touch of  old world charm to your home.

beaded curtains

Photo Credits: nauright

Let your imagination go haywire. Get beaded curtains made of pretty seashells and rocks. For Kids Rooms, use brightly colored cartoon characters or balls or alphabet shapes beaded together to form curtains.

beaded curtains

Photo Credits: mattmurf
Then there are glass and crystal beaded curtains which allow more light to come in. They look beautiful, swinging away in the morning and evening sunlight. Curtains made from bone beads, amber beads, wooden beads and even metal beads look stunning.

Advantages Of Beaded Curtains

They make a room appear airy and brighter. They can be used to add to the natural light in a room. Use mirrored curtains or fluorescent beaded curtains that shine at night. T

They make your interior decor look charming to guests.

This is a cost efficient way of partitioning your rooms. DIY bead curtain ideas include making thin braids of reused  colorful plastic or pieces of colorful cloth. Sew on a few beads of your choice. Stitch these braids on to a main hanger-strip of cloth and voila you have a recycled beaded curtain!

They create privacy in an area without disconnecting you from the rest of the house.

Beaded curtains can be a unique lifestyle statement that reflects your status.

Care For Beaded Curtains

Non-Fabric Beaded curtains can be easily cleaned by dipping them in mild soapy solution first and immediately rinsing them in plain water. Test for color fastness. If you feel they are losing color, just wipe them with a moist cotton cloth.

For fabric beads, wiping with a moist cloth will be sufficient enough.

When To Avoid Having Door Length Beaded Curtains

Avoid door length beaded curtains if you have babies or toddlers at home. They may get entangled or swallow the beads accidentally. Same goes for people with pets. Aged people with limited visibility may not notice beaded curtains at night. Make sure you move them to one side of the doorway and tie them with a string or bunch them together with a clip.

Or better still, use half door length beaded curtains when you have small kids or pets around.

Door Safety – Child Safety Products For Doors

door safety - door stoppers kids

Door safety is a twiddly bit that gets the least attention when planning a baby. Toddlers and preschool going kids can end up pinching their fingers and hands when they  slam the door shut. They can also accidentally lock themselves in. You should be aware of these baby friendly products for door safety. These must be purchased if you have toddlers and preschoolers around.

Door Safety – Best Child Safety Products

Door Stoppers

door safety - door stoppers kids

Wooden Door Stoppers By Vividha–Everything Kids

Check out these cute guard door stoppers from Vividha. Ideal for your kids room, they make sure there is no accidental slamming of doors. These little fellows protect your toddlers’ tiny fingers from getting pinched. You can even use these door stoppers in all the rooms of  your house. Made of wood, these door stoppers come in different  designs and colors. Their dimensions are 13.5 x 2.7 x 6.3.

You can buy these from www.hoopos.com

Door Knob Covers

door safety - child door safety

dreambaby Door Knob Covers

Many toddlers open bathrooms, store rooms, kitchen and laundry areas when parents are asleep or busy with something. This can turn out to be dangerous. They can get locked in accidentally. Door knob covers are an absolute must in case you want to avoid this. These cover the door handle lock avoiding accidental lock outs.

They can be bought online at www.firstcry.com or www.hoopos.com

Sliding Door Safety Guard

door safety - child door safety

Use these to prevent injury to children by collision of sliding doors, windows or sliding door closets. Safety guards must be installed in case of sliding doors of balconies in multi-storey apartments. You can keep the sliding windows slightly open to let in fresh air and at the same time prevent kids from going out when no one is looking. Remove the suction cup when the door needs to be opened. Door sliding safety guard from Farlin and dreambaby are the best. Get it at www.Hoopos.com. Check out the video by dreambaby.au to find out how sliding door safety guards work.

 

Door Safety –  Security Gates For Kids

door safety - child safety

dreambaby Swing Closed Security Gate

Install dreambaby door safety gates for babies and toddlers at the top of stairways and across doorways. This gate opens in both directions and swings shut on its own. It cannot be opened by your baby. This is a must have product if you have stairs at home.

Buy from www.hushbabies.com

Farlin Safety Door Gates

door safety - child safety

This cute safety gate for babies, by Farlin can be bought online at www.babyoye.com

Locks For Cabinet And Cupboard Door Handles And Knobs

dreambaby Secure-A-Lock

door safety child door safety

This is an adjustable lock for different handles and knobs, ensuring proper door safety. Inquisitive toddlers can get locked in stuffy kitchen cabinets, pull down things and injure themselves, without your knowledge. Your toddler cannot open kitchen cabinets, doors and cupboards after installing this. Ideal for mushroom shaped locks and D-Shaped handles, it closes with a sliding action. Buy this product at www.firstcry.com

Online shopping sites in India have brought us closer to virtual stores and access to much needed baby safety products at home. Why compromise on child safety when you can order child friendly products for door safety online, from the comfort of your home?

Cheap Rugs For Home – DIY

area rugs - do it yourself

Use area rugs to highlight and accentuate different locations in every room. Use colorful rugs and carpets in your living room, bed rooms and study to add a dash of color and creativity. These are available in a wide range of colors, textures and materials in the market. However, if you have a creative bend of mind and love Do it yourself crafts, then opt for these super frugal area rugs made at home. Listed below are some funky ideas for cheap rugs made of recycled material.

Floor Rugs

Towel Area Rugs

area rugs - do it yourself

Buy two cheap thick towels from an economy store. Stitch them together at all the four ends. Make yarn flowers of another complementing color. Stitch these yarn flowers in the center of the towel in different designs. Also make a border of these yarn flowers to hide the stitches.

Video – Make pretty yarn flowers

 

Cheap area rugs made of  T-shirts

area rugs - do it yourself

Reuse old t-shirts. Cut 3” by 3” strips of different colored t-shirts. Fold and stitch each strip in half. Then stitch together all these folded strips in varying colors to make a larger cover. For the base, cut 2 or 3 pairs of old jeans, old thick bed sheets or any other thick material into short, broad pieces. Stitch these together. Place the other piece of stitched t-shirt pieces over the bottom thick base and stitch them together at all the ends, leaving one end open. Fill in scraps of cloth to make the rug thicker. Finally, stitch the last end securely. Your t-shirt floor rug is ready.

Pom Pom Floor Rugs

area rugs - do it yourself

Make tiny pom poms with yarn in different colors. Stitch them together. Make a large round layer of tiny yarn balls. As in the t-shirt rug mentioned above, stitch this layer over another layer of thick material, leaving one end open. Fill this with cloth scraps to make the rug thick.

 

Area Rugs – Benefits

Colorful rugs add warmth and color to any dull looking room. Placing trendy accent rugs to define different areas, is a wonderful idea for people renovating their homes. This is a cheaper alternative to changing everything from furniture to accessories. A single area rug or a couple of floor rugs placed together can cut down unnecessary expenditure during home renovation especially if you are looking forward to change the flooring which is in good condition. An area rug can be an attractive focal point of a room. It is a soft, warm antidote for tired feet after a days hard work.

Area Rugs – Placement

area rugs on wall - do it yourself

Place area rugs in your dining area, living room seating area or under the center table. Use cute, colorful floor rugs in your kids bedroom to highlight activity area or play areas. A great home décor idea is to hang area rugs as wall hangings as seen in the picture above. I have seen this trend in a few in a few designer boutiques and home décor stores. This can be used for highlighting walls in passages leading from your living room to the inner areas of your home. Use beautiful wall hanging accent rugs or modern area rugs on your balcony walls or front porch.

Using Area Rugs – Top Tips

1. When using more than one area rug, make sure they are not of the same size. Same size area rugs make the room appear divided and smaller.

2. Use area rugs which complement each other. For example, use colors that complement each other, or patterns which match like a small navy blue dot pattern goes well with a medium light blue dot pattern. The trick is to avoid patterns and colors that are disgusting to the eyes.

3. Floor rugs must be in sync with walls. For wallpapered and textured walls with intricate designs, the area rugs must be in plain or subtle colors. If the walls are plain, the area can have intricate designs, oriental patterns and interesting colors.

4. Use easy to clean area rugs. They can cause problems for people with dust and mite allergies. The easy to clean aspect is a must for people with small kids and pets.

5. Rectangle is passe. Enhance your apartment therapy with different shapes of area rugs like oval, round, triangle or let your rug be shapeless with an amoeba like form.

6.Experiment with different materials found at home for making cheap rugs you can use on the floors. Use egg cartons, upcycled clothes or bedsheets, coir, ribbons,old plastic wires, plastic straws, colorful sponges etc. for making good looking floor rugs.

Interior wall paints – types of wall paints

interior paint - types of wall paint

Painting your home interiors is quite an uphill task when it comes to selecting interior wall paints. Confused between emulsion paints, distemper and luster paints? When buying paint for your interior walls, check out the different types of wall paints besides estimating the average cost of a paint job. Asian Paints, Berger Paints, Kansai Nerolac and Dulux  offer a wide range of  interior wall paints in attractive colors.

interior wall paints - types

 

Interior Wall Paints – Types

Distemper paint

Distemper paints are water based paints, made up of chalk, lime, glue size vehicle and coloring agents. They may have natural or acrylic binders. Ideal for cost effective painting jobs that need to be finished fast enough. They give an elegant, matte finish to the walls. However, distemper paints come without the benefits of other expensive enamel and emulsion paints – Distempered walls cannot be washed or cleaned with water or liquid soap and cannot fight fungal growth.

Emulsion paint

Emulsion paints are water based paints. For Example, Asian Paints Royale. They impart a rich  matte look to the walls.  They are durable. Most of the stains on the wall can be wiped away with a mild liquid soap solution. Emulsion paints resist fungal growth and mildew.

Enamel  paint

These paints are solvent (usually oil or alkyd) based paints. Thinners are required to clean enamel paints whenever repainting is necessary. They dry very slowly and usually emit strong odors. Enamel paint is available in different finishes – eggshell, satin, semigloss and high gloss. Some enamels are also resistant to heat. They make the walls glossy and washable. Enamel paint is usually used in the kitchens, especially on counters and walls bordering the sink, and in bathrooms where humidity levels are high in addition to the constant washing / scrubbing.

Luster paint

Luster paints are solvent based paints. On drying,  a tough and durable wall coating is formed that is washable, easy to maintain and stain resistant, as it repels water. Luster paint gives off a beautiful soft pearl like sheen. Most expensive of all the above wall paints, luster paint is extremely long lasting.

Texture paint

These paints are used to impart beautiful patterns and special effects on interior walls, when used with texture tools meant for the purpose like rollers, brushes, spatulae or combs. Texture paint is used in combinations of two or three different paint colors. Ideal for highlighting a particular wall in every room.

For people who are allergic to paint odors and VOCs, go for an eco friendly interior paint with low VOC content. Nerolac ‘Eco Clean’, Berger’Breathe Easy’ and ‘Odour-less Premium all-in-1 interior paint’ from Nippon Paints are  eco friendly wall paints that have almost zero levels of VOCs.

Finally it is necessary to get an approximate estimate of the total paint cost plus labor charges. This is even more simple when you use online paint calculator tools provided by Asian Paints, Berger and Dulux.

Berger paints : Paint  Calculator

Asian paints : Paint  Calculator

Dulux : Paint  Calculator

Note: Other factors like natural and artificial light in your rooms and humidity levels must be considered before finalizing the type of wall paints for your interiors. Glossy wall paint in a room with lot of natural light, will reflect more light and will be hard on the eyes. Also, walls in rooms with less natural light must not go in for matte finish with dark shades, as more light will be absorbed and not reflected.

 

Photo Credits: Maggiejumps 

 

 

 

Kerala Home Design – Traditional touch to modern homes

door - traditional home-Kerala architecture

Kerala home design is well known for its unique wooden construction with intricately carved designs, gabled roofs and extended open verandahs. Southern India is famous for its traditional homes and temple architecture, especially Kerala. However, all wood constructions are now impractical as wood is very expensive. Lifestyle changes have further encouraged modern architects to intelligently synchronize traditional wooden architecture with the present day construction techniques. This unique blend of styles has metamorphosed into some stunningly beautiful homes in Kerala.

Kerala home design

A modern home incorporating old style Kerala architecture

Modern homes in Kerala are made from a mix of concrete, bricks and wood. The main building is made of concrete with some parts of the house showcasing intricate wooden designs and structures. These constructions have still not parted ways with the ancient principles of Vaastu.

Lawrence Baker, the late English architect was fascinated by Kerala architecture and settled down in Tiruvananthapuram, Kerala. These are his own words “The various styles of architecture are all the result of thousands of years of ordinary people trying to make buildings that keep out the rain, wind and sun by using locally available materials. So I see what principles have developed over centuries and then apply these principles to what I want to do for my client. Sometimes, the local architecture is so beautiful and so apt that I feel it would be foolish and an affront to try and design in any other way.” (Source: http://lauriebaker.net)

Kerala Home Design – Traditional features

Padippura

Every traditional home in Kerala had a small door called ‘Padippura’ with a tiled roof, forming part of the compound wall surrounding the house. In modern homes, ‘Padippura’ has given way to a wider gate system facilitating the entry of cars. However, some gates still have an arch or padippura like framework in wood, towering above the gates.

Poomukham, Chuttu Verandah and Charupady

poomukham-kerala home design Poomukham

Poomukham is the main entrance to the house, characterized by an open area with a sloping roof supported by pillars, leading into the house. Old style poomukhams were wooden pillars with carved designs. The same effect is achieved now using concrete pillars and POP designs.

Chuttu Verandah is an open verandah joining the poomukham on both sides, supported by pillars, thru which you can walk around the house. Many modern homes still feature an open verandah surrounding the house. The wooden pillars and wooden floors have given way to round, concrete pillars and modern flooring like marble, granite etc.

charupady - kerala home design

Charupady

  charupady design - kerala home design

Charupaddy – carved design on wood

Charupady is a resting area, adjoining the poomukham and the chuttu verandah,  characterized by wooden seats with carved wooden back rests. This traditional feature is still preserved in modern homes. The seats are usually granite or marble with back rests made of carved wooden pieces.

Nadumuttom

Nadumuttam-Kerala home design

Nadumuttom – Photo credits: Unnikrishnan2011

Nadumuttom is a traditional open courtyard right in the middle of  a traditional home.  Being square shaped, this leads to the house interiors on all the four sides. This ‘open to the sky’ feature lets in ample amount of sunlight and fresh air into the house. These houses are called ‘Naalu kettu’ meaning a structure with four sided distribution. In modern Kerala homes, due to security reasons, this open courtyard is covered with a sloping roof higher than the roofs over the other parts of the house in such a way that proper ventilation is still achieved in spite of not being open to the sky. Pergola, Stained glass or safety grills may also be used for as roofing over the open courtyard. Wooden or concrete pillars made to look like wood, are used to border this courtyard.

Kerala Home Design – Wooden Staircase

wooden staircase design - kerala home design

Modern staircase with carved wooden railings and glass balusters.

 ‘All wood’ staircases have been replaced by marble, stone or granite stairs with wooden railings. Some stairs have veneer or  laminate coverings on a concrete base. The intricately carved teak wood railings and balusters of old style Kerala architecture have been retained in modern homes.

Carved Wooden Doors and windows

door - traditional home-Kerala architecture

traditional door kerala architecture south indian home

Main door - traditional home-Kerala architecture

Beautifully carved and polished teak or rosewood doors and windows are still a part of every Kerala home. Often, the designs have gold colored enameling, etching or beading work done. This is one feature that has not been done away with. The door handles and fixtures also have intricately carved designs in shades of gold.

In addition to the above, North east placed Pooja rooms with wooden paneling and mural paintings are still seen in modern houses of Kerala. The traditional pond or ‘Ambala Kulam’ is seen on large properties.

With a few design changes, features of traditional Kerala architecture can still be made a part of modern homes.

DIY Lamp – Make light fixtures from recyclable materials

recycled lighting

Simply put, ‘Recycled lighting’  is a term defining  light fixtures constructed from stuff lying around your house/basement that you are probably trying to get rid of, but don’t know how to. Now instead of trashing these things, why not just get the best out of recycled materials? Devise creative ideas to reuse a few items of trash lying around  to make stunning lamp shades and other light fixtures. Featured here are several DIY lamps and lampshades that are sure to accentuate your home interiors!

DIY lamp ideas

diy lighting - recycled lighting

Take this recycled lamp shade for instance. It has been artistically made out of  left over yarn wrapped around a metal wire framework to form a spherical shape. And to top it, cute little muffin wrappers have been pasted all over.  Then you put in a zero watt bulb or energy efficient light fixtures like CFL.

diy lighting - recycled lighting

This lovely free standing recycled lamp shade is made of  paper cups glued together. Make good use of left over paper cups from a birthday party or any occasion. You can even place this  upside down to look like a lit up dome.  Spice it up with a few tiny cuddly cushions or other accessories thrown in.

diy lighting - ceiling light

This affordable ceiling light is made of PVC pipe fittings and multicolored zero watt bulbs. All you need to do is cut the pipe fittings and attach them, adhering to a preconceived design. The number of branches in this ceiling light can be increased to form chandelier shades. Lovely ceiling lights for studio apartments, hostel rooms and PG accommodations.

diy lighting - recycled lighting

If you have an old wooden box or crate to spare, go for this neat looking fabric and yarn lamp shade. Remove a few planks of the crate or carve out holes in it. Use multicolored left over fabric, crepe paper or tissue paper to wrap around the wooden box. Add a layer of colored yarn and you have a fabulous looking floor lamp shade to show your friends and all.

diy lighting - accordion lanterns

This accordion lamp shade is made of  a recycled cardboard box  and gateway paper. Cut out a fold-able flap from an old cardboard box. You can even use mount board for this. Cover it with colored paper or decorative material. Cut a hole, small enough to hold a zero watt bulb. Make an accordion with gateway paper. Paste the accordion over the hole meant for the bulb. Turn the light on and voila – you have a nice innovative accordion lampshade . Make pyramids, cubes or any 3d shapes with gateway paper, for lamp shades. You can use these instead of the accordion.

diy lighting - recycled lighting

This one is the simplest  DIY lamp to make. Take an old transparent glass or transparent plastic jar. Make a few patterns with Fevicryl 3d outliners. Fill in these patterns with glass colors. Make a tiny hole at the bottom. Fix an LED light strip at the bottom and pass the connected electrical wire through the hole. Else just drop in some tiny string lights into it. Economical and beautiful, this lamp looks stunning and livens up any corner of your room.

These are affordable, nice and thrifty ways to make recycled DIY lamps, lamp shades and light fixtures. Anyone can make these at home. So get your creative juices flowing and make one this instant!

Note: All the lamps and lamp shades featured here were made by the students of  Interior  Design and Fashion Design  at INIFD, Vashi, as part of their annual exhibition – Saksham 2012.

Staircase Designs – Staircase Railings and Staircase Pictures

wooden staircase design - traditional home-Kerala architecture

A staircase is a connecting element between two floors. Staircases maybe constructed from metal, timber, bricks, stone or reinforced cement concrete.

wooden staircase glass balusters
Wooden Staircase with wooden and glass balusters

Stair parts

Step
It is the portion of a stair which allows ascent and descent. A step is composed of a tread and a riser.

Stair Tread
It is the upper horizontal surface of a step on which the foot is placed during ascent or descent.

Stair Risers
It is the vertical portion of a step which supports the tread.

Flight
It is an unbroken series of steps between landings.

Staircase Landing
It is the level platform at the top or bottom of a flight, allowing for change of direction and taking rest during use of the staircase.

Rise
It is the vertical distance between two successive tread faces.

Going
It is the horizontal distance between two successive riser faces.

Nosing
It is the projecting part of the tread beyond the face of the riser.

Scotia
It is a moulding under the nosing that improves elevation of the step and provides strength to the nosing.

Stringers
These support the steps in a stair. They run along the slope of the stair.

Newel post
It is a vertical member which is placed at the ends of flights to connect the ends of strings and hand rail.

Baluster
It is a vertical member or wood or metal, supporting the hand rail.

Balustrade
Consists of a row of balusters surmounted by a hand rail, to provide protection for users.

Hand Rail
It is a rounded or moulded member of wood or metal that is fixed on top of the balusters.

Header
It is the horizontal structural member supporting hair stringers or landings.

Desirable qualities of  good staircase designs

Location
In domestic buildings, staircase must be centrally located to provide easy access to all rooms. In public buildings, staircases must be closer to the entrance. Staircases must be enclosed by fire resisting walls, floors, ceilings and doors.

Width
The stairs must be wide enough to carry the user without much crowd and inconvenience. 35 inches wide stairs are good enough for domestic buildings while in public buildings, 60   to 70 inches width may be needed.

Length of the flight
The number of steps in a flight must not be more than 12 and less than 3, in a straight flight.

Pitch of the stair
The labor of moving vertically is twice as much as moving horizontally. The best pitch is that inclination which is got when doubling the rise and adding the going equals 23(when rise and going are measured in inches). Pitch should be limited to 30o to 40o.

Head Room
The clear distance between the tread and the soffit of the flight above it must not be less than 82 inches to 90 inches so as to accommodate even tall persons walking with some load on their heads.

Step Dimensions
The going must be between 9 inches  to 11 inches. The rise can be between 3 inches to 5 inches. The width of the landing must not be less than the width of the stair.

Staircase Types

Straight Flight Staircase
Here the stairs run straight between two floors. These may have one or two flight of stairs with a landing.

metal and stained glass staircase
Straight stairs of metal with glass balusters.

Quarter Turn Staircase
This type of stair changes its direction either to the left or to the right, the turn being affected by either introducing a quarter space landing or by providing winders.

wooden staircase with wooden and glass balusters
Wooden winder staircase with glass baluster design

Bifurcated staircase
Bifurcated stairs are commonly used in public buildings at the entrance.The stair has a wider flight at the bottom which then bifurcated into two narrower flights, one turning to the left and one to the right.
bifurcated stair                                                        Photo Credits:Gary Birnie
Spiral staircase
Spiral staircases are usually made of R.C.C or metal, and used in locations with space limitations. Sometimes used as emergency stairs, they are also provided at the backside of the building. All the steps are winders.

spiral staircase
Spiral Staircase

Photo Credits: Ell Brown

Helical staircase
This staircase is made of R.C.C and the structure is very complicated.

helical staircase
Helical Staircase

Photo Credits:Echiner1

Modern Staircase Designs
Staircase inside home Photo Credits:Nanette Turner

staircase pebbled Photo Credits:Echiner1

forest staircase
Photo Credits:Blakeimeson

Stairlifts
Stairlifts are for the aged and wheelchair bound to move up and down stairs without having to climb them. You can even install a stair lift for dogs and pets – especially for overweight dogs.

Glass Floors – Types And Installation

Glass Floor

Glass floors are gaining popularity day by day. The reasons are many.

Glass Floor

Properties of a glass floor

The reflective properties of glass make it an excellent choice for floors. Glass floors make the most out of natural sunlight, making the room look brighter and bigger. Many a time, it is not possible to break down existing structures and change direction of rooms so as to accommodate more sunlight. In such cases, it is a better idea to change flooring  from a light absorbing surface to a surface that reflects light. This makes the room brighter and enhances the mood. Glass floors are used in commercial and domestic interiors to increase light flow and the view from above or below the floor is loved by visitors.

Glass Floor

Glass tiles are far more water-resistant than ceramic,wood or linoleum floors. Glass floor tiles are resistant  to heat,water, stains and other chemicals. Glass floor tiles are available in different shapes. They are available in different thicknesses and have a wide range of finishes, colors and textures.

Glass Floor

Many people doubt  the strength and durability of  glass floor tiles. They wonder whether the glass floor tiles will support weight, are scratch-free etc. Glass floor tiles shatter only when they are subjected to sudden impacts. There are glass floor tiles that are floor rated for high traffic areas and high impact areas. So you may choose the ones that suit your requirement.

Glass floors can be used in the bathroom, living room, study and in the upper floors to give a view of the floors below.

Types of glass floors

Glass pavers

These are hollow glass blocks are used together with a steel or aluminum frame.

Reinforced glass

This type is used  to get a strong base in areas of high traffic like malls and other commercial complexes. Such type of glass flooring used in busy areas is strengthened and  very safe.

Glass floor blocks

These are used to provide light to a room when lit from below. They are often installed in  4-foot by 4-foot panels.

Glass laminate panels

These are used for flooring. They are textured. This eliminates  slippage and also hides scratches.They are made with layers of tempered glass. They are available in different colors, are transparent and can be illuminated from below. They can be used in high traffic areas.

Glass floor tiles

These floor tiles made of glass, are applied to a base like porcelain tiles. Glass floor reflect light back from a floor thereby making good use of existing light in a room. They have a  rough and cloudy texture that hide scratches and have anti-slip properties.

Types of glass floor tiles

Fused glass floor tiles

They are translucent. They are  textured, to provide anti-scratching and anti-slip properties.

Smalti glass floor tiles

These are made from a paste mixture of silica, metal and metal oxides. They have a rough and cloudy texture that hides scratches. It also provides the floor an anti-slip protection.

Sintered glass floor tiles

These are made with a die filled with glass powder and heated until it melts together.

Cast glass floor tiles

These are made by putting pieces of glass together in a mold and melting them.

Care for glass tiles

Glass tiles must be swept clean of dirt and sand. They must be mopped well, else the dirt and grit may etch marks on the floor finish over time.

For glass flooring in India, you can check out www.tradeindia.com and  www.navkushindia.com among others. Or do a Google search for glass flooring in your city as in ‘Glass flooring in Mumbai’ .

Photo Credits
Leo Reynolds
birdvoyeur
Ian Muttoo